FAQ            Testimonials            Contact Us       
Home      China Vacation       Yangtze Cruise      Cheap China Flights      China Train      China Hotel Deals      China Travel Guide      Tailor Make      About Us
  >> home >> China travel guide >> City Guide of China >> Turpan attractions

Turpan Attractions

Sightseeing Turpan


Gaochang Ancient Ruins

Zoom in
enlarge   reduce
Gaochang Ancient Ruins

East of Turpan are the ruins of Gaochang (Gaochang Gucheng), the Uigur city-state that ruled the area from around the 9th century to the 13th. The city was actually founded a few hundred years earlier than that, and gradually became known as a trading post on the Silk Road. Although many buildings are no more than ruins, the ancient city of Gaochang still stands as a testament to the long history and importance of the Silk Road.

In its heyday, Gaochang was a great Uigur city built on the business and trade that came through its gates. The religious beliefs of many peoples entered China through this area, first Buddhism and later Islam.

Most of the ruins are gone, but enough remain to give a feeling of the true size and majesty of this Silk Road city. Archeological evidence and historical documentation say that the city contained markets, temples, workshops and residences.

The best preserved structures in the ruins are two temple/monasteries in the southwest and southeast corners of the outer city section. In the southwestern temple, the front gate, courtyard, lecture hall, main hall, and monastic dormitories are relatively intact. The southeast temple has the only preserved fresco in the ruins.

The ruins cover an area of more than 2,000,000 sq meters (about 494 acres), the city walls, made of earth, are set in a 5 km square, with heights of up to 11 meters and width of 12 meters. It consists of three parts: the outer city, the inner city and the palace compound. Surrounding the outer city was a thick rectangular wall with nine gates, three in the south and two each in the other three directions. In the southwest section, a temple existed consisting of an entrance gate; a courtyard, the chanting hall, the main hall and the residences are still identifiable. The inner city is badly decayed; only the western and eastern parts are preserved. Khan's Castle, in the middle of the western part, is considered to be the ruins of a palace.

China tours inclusive of visiting Gaochang Ancient Ruins, Turpan


Turpan + China Tours

Explore Northern Silk Road Tour from $545.00
The Silk Road is a series of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting East and West Asia by linking traders, merchants etc. during various periods of time.
5 days Read Details
Silk Road Culture Travel from $2,252.00
The Silk Road covers exotic places like Urumqi, Kashgar, Turpan, Dunhuang, Jiayuguan, Lanzhou & Xian. For those who interested in Silk Road history and tours with cultural aspects this is a right selection.
14 days Read Details
  More Turpan + China Tours

Turpan City Tour

  More Turpan vacations
In China, you can rely on us.
   Home   |  About us   |   Contact us   |   Terms   |   Payment   |   Privacy Policy   |   Links   |   Site Map  
Travel Beijing |  Travel Yunnan |  Travel Fujian |  Dunhuang and Silk Road Tour |  China Maps  |  China Train  |  Beijing Tours |  Shanghai Tours |  Lhasa Tours |  Xian Tours